Scientifically, nutrition is the biochemical and physiological process through which an organism stays alive. The foods we eat can have a big impact on the structure and health of our brain and body. Good nutrition is a critical part of human health and development. Including the five types of nutrients i.e., proteins, fats, carbohydrates (sugars and dietary fibre), vitamins, and minerals in your meals is a good idea for the following reasons:
1) Immunity: Immunity is our ability to recognize harmful foreign bodies in our systems and fight them off. Healthy nutrition intake improves our defence against diseases. When you eat a wholesome and varied diet, you ensure your immune system functions at its best and guard against illnesses and immune deficiencies.
2) Mood: Evidence suggests a complementary relationship between diet and mood. Having good nutrition and a balanced diet ensures a healthy body, which in turn makes a healthy mind. Nutrients such as iron and omega-3 fatty acids found in protein-rich food have proven to boost one’s mood. Additionally, a study in 2016 found that high-glycaemic diets could induce depression and fatigue. This category includes many refined carbohydrates, such as those found in soft drinks, cakes, white bread, and biscuits.
3) Memory: The brain is an energy-intensive organ, consuming 20 per cent of our body’s calories. A properly fueled brain means a better chance of staying focused throughout the day both short- and long-term brain health can be improved by eating a brain-boosting diet.rm brain function. For example, Omega-3 fatty acids help build and repair brain cells. Nutrients like Vitamin D, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E are identified as nutrients and foods that protect against cognitive decline and dementia. Additionally, by reducing cellular stress and inflammation, antioxidants reduce brain ageing and neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer’s.
4) Weight: Being overweight or having obesity are risk factors for several conditions. This includes heart disease, type 2 diabetes, poor bone density and even some cancers. A good nutritious diet free from processed foods can help a person stay within their daily limit without monitoring calorie intake. Dietary fibre is particularly important for managing weight. Many plant-based foods contain dietary fibre, which helps people feel full by keeping them satisfied for longer periods of time
- a) The imperativeness of good nutrition is not only a no-brainer for an expectant mother but also the father. Healthy individuals reproduce healthy children. We must make sure we transfer the best to the coming generation. A developing body needs the right nutrients to thrive so that cells are built and maintained and the body grows at the right place.
- b) Children are visual learners. Adults who demonstrate healthy eating and exercise habits are more likely to pass these Studies also suggest that children who eat meals regularly with their families consumed more vegetables and fewer sugary foods than their peers who ate at home less frequently. In addition, children who participate in cooking at home may be more likely to make healthy dietary and lifestyle choices.